Anyone currently scrolling through Instagram, Facebook and TikTok or chatting or chatting with Muslim colleagues will likely come across terms like “Bayram” or “Eid Mubarak”. What does that mean and why do you wish a “happy Eid Mubarak” today?
Update from 03/26/2023:
current Reason for greetings like “Eid Mubarak”, “Ramadan Mubarak” or “Happy Eid”: The Islamic month of fasting, Ramadan, began on March 23rd. This will take place from April 21 – 23, 2023 Feast of the Breaking of the Fast instead of. The Feast of Sacrifice follows a few months later and will be celebrated from June 28th to 30th, 2023.
Eid Mubarak: meaning and origin
The Arabic term “Eid Mubarak” has its origins in Islam, a world religion to which around 1.8 billion people belong. Eid Mubarak is a common greeting both for the “Feast of Breaking the Fast” after Ramadan, the “Eid al-Filtr”, and the “Feast of Sacrifice” as part of the pilgrimage to Mecca, the “Eid al-Adha”. “Eid Mubarak” is equivalent to the holiday greeting in German “Blessed Feast”. “Eid” itself is the generic term for the “feast”.
Occasions for greetings such as “Eid Mubarak” or “Bayram mubarek”
Feast of Breaking the Fast: From April 21, 2023
- “Eid al-Filtr”, also called “Festival of Breaking the Fast” or also: “Ramadan”, is celebrated after the end of the Muslim month of fasting “Ramadan”. A uniform date in the Gregorian calendar cannot be determined, it shifts every year. Reason: The Islamic festival year is based on the lunar calendar. The month of fasting is shifted by 11 days every year.
- In Turkey, the holiday “Festival of Breaking the Fast” is also known as “Sugar Festival”.
- The festival of breaking the fast runs over the first three days of the month following Ramadan, which is known as “Schauwal” (Schawwāl).
- The festival of breaking the fast traditionally includes visiting a mosque and the cemetery to commemorate deceased relatives. In both places, verses from the Koran and prayers are recited.
- Friends and relatives are visited, similar to what is done in the Christian world around Christmas. If visitors appear, they are also greeted with the words “Eid Mubarak”. Accordingly, sweets are often given away and various dishes are brought to the table. The festival is celebrated in all Muslim countries.
Prominent example: In 2014, soccer player Lukas Podolski greeted his Muslim friends on Facebook.
Feast of the Sacrifice: 28th -30th June 2023
The Feast of Sacrifice is the culmination of the pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj) and is celebrated by Muslims worldwide. The festival goes back to a story from the Koran: There the prophet Ibrahim was asked to kill his son Ishmael. Ibrahim obeyed and then experienced the mercy of God. Ishmael was spared, instead Ibrahim sacrificed a ram. The festival of sacrifice is celebrated on the occasion of the rescue of Ishmael. A version of this story is also known in Christianity, here as the “Sacrifice Story of Isaac”. In Judaism one speaks of “Akedah”.
- For Muslims, one of the traditions of the Festival of Sacrifice is the slaughter of a sacrificial animal according to religious rules. In Germany, this is the form of slaughter (slaughter) with a special exemption possible. Another tradition is donating money to charitable causes, such as for the victims of natural disasters.
- In addition to “Eid Mubarak” is also in many places today Bayram mubarek to hear what means something like “Frohes Fest!”. are also common “Happy Eid” or Bayramınız kutlu olsun – that is Turkish and means “Happy Bayram”.
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